Mesenteric Artery – Angioplasty & Stenting
Both angioplasty and stenting may be used to bypass the fatty deposits that build up in the arteries that feed the intestines. Patients with mesenteric ischemia typically have blockages in many of the vessels in their superior mesenteric artery and the celiac axis.
What is the procedure?
To clear these blockages, an interventional radiologist makes a small incision in the arm to insert a catheter via the brachial artery. Using image guidance, the catheter is guided down the chest into the abdominal aorta. A wire is passed through each blockage and then a covered stent mounted on a balloon to open the vessels may be placed.
The access can also be via the femoral artery in the groin, but that is not always the easiest route due to the sharp angles required to navigate the catheter. Access via the neck artery is sometimes used.